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Arabus et Latinus

Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ Τ Υ Φ Χ Ψ Ω α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο π ρ σ ς τ υ φ χ ψ ω
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Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Pal. lat. 1414

s. XIII2 (f. 224rb: ‘Explicit liber presens anno salutis incarnationis domini Ihesu Christi M°CC°66, 12 die mensis Novembris. Constat pro scriptura 62 fl. Florentinorum’, this note has been added by what seems to be a later hand, but 1266 is a plausible date for the MS). Or.: France, perhaps Paris (cf. star table for Paris f. 25r; notes on the geographical coordinates of Paris, f. 138v, 139v and 140rb). Prov.: an added note (14th c.?) on f. 225r lists some 37 species of fish found in the Meuse river (‘Isti pisces inveniuntur in Mosa’); Nikolaus Bruckner (d. 1557), who gave the MS to Elector Palatine Ottheinrich in 1553, cf. f. 1r: ‘Das buch hat mir Ottheinrich pfallzgrave Dockter Nicklas Pruckner mathematicus zu Markgravenbaden geschenckt den 2 May 1553’; Heidelberg, Bibliotheca Palatina; Vatican library in 1623.

Parchment, 225 f., several neat hands, decorated initials throughout.

Astrology and astronomy: Alcabitius, Introductorius (1ra-20rb); Pseudo-Thebit Bencora, De motu octave spere (21ra-23rb); astrolabe ‘De inventione azimuth. Possunt autem azimuth hoc modo fieri…’ (23rb-23vb); ‘Potest zodiacus dividi in gradus et signa et in minores partes per declinationem…’ (24ra-24va), with an appended star table verified in Paris (25r); drawings of an astrolabe (25v-26v); Ptolemaica (27ra-29vb); Sacrobosco, Algorismus (29vb-34vb); Robert Grosseteste, De sphera (34vb-41ra); Hermes, Centiloquium (41va-43vb); Robert Grosseteste, Compotus (43vb-62r); Theorica planetarum ‘Investigantibus astronomie rationes…’ (62va-66vb); canons of Toledan tables (67ra-84ra); Thebit Bencora, De recta imaginatione spere et circulorum eius diversorum (84ra-85rb); Toledan tables with canons (86r-157va), including ascension tables for Toulouse (96r-97v); ‘Cum sint due signorum distinctiones, una secundum coniunctionem…’ (157vb-159v); Theorica planetarum Gerardi (160ra-166ra); ‘Sciendum est quod planetarum quidam sunt benevoli, quidam malevoli…’ (166rb-167vb); Robertus Anglicus, Quadrans vetus (168ra-173ra); Sem filius Haym, Capitulum in narratione Saturni quid accidat in mundo (173ra-174ra); Gergis, De significatione septem planetarum in domibus (174ra-177ra); Pseudo-Messahallah, De compositione astrolabii (177va-189vb); Canones super tabulas Humeniz philosophi summi Egiptiorum (190r-204v, tables; 205ra-208ra, canons); Campanus of Novara, De quadrante (208ra-211ra); ‘Notandum quod principatus planetarum in conceptione humana…’ (211ra-213ra); ‘Cupientibus fructum planetarum primo scire oportet…’ (213ra-215vb); table: elections from the aspects of the Moon with the other planets (216r); Robert Grosseteste, De impressionibus aeris (216vb-220ra); Roger of Hereford, De quatuor partibus iudiciorum astronomie (220ra-224rb); scattered notes by several hands, 14th-15th c. (224v-225v).

Lit.Inventarium manuscriptorum Latinorum Bibliothecae Palatinae (handwritten catalogue), 500-501; L. Thorndike, ‘The Study of Mathematics and Astronomy in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries as Illustrated by Three Manuscripts’, Scripta Mathematica 23 (1957), 67-76: 71-72; L. Thorndike, ‘Notes upon Some Medieval Latin Astronomical, Astrological and Mathematical Manuscripts at the Vatican, Part II’, Isis 49 (1958), 34-49: 39-44; L. Schuba, Die Quadriviums-Handschriften der Codices Palatini Latini in der Vatikanischen Bibliothek, Wiesbaden, 1992, 195-200; C. Panti, Moti, virtù e motori celesti nella cosmologia di Roberto Grossatesta. Studio ed edizione dei trattati De sphaera, De cometis, De motu supercelestium, Firenze, 2001, 216; F. S. Pedersen, The Toledan Tables. A Review of the Manuscripts and the Textual Versions with an Edition, København, 2002, I, 178-179; A. Lohr, C. P. E. Nothaft, Robert Grosseteste’s Compotus, Oxford, 2019, 40-41.



‘Cum omnibus directe intuentibus constet esse necessarium aliquid in astronomia arte prevalere, ut tanti operis sine magno labore fructum posse assequi quatinus insudendum sit recte cognoscetur. Est autem non minima pars tante artis cum ad plenum figura In omnibus vero domibus prout queque habet prosperitatis sive adversitatis et sicut planete se habent pie aut impie, itaque diudicentur. Si autem aliquis alicui deesse quod sibi minus videatur, in libro planetarum requiratur secundum hoc quod Anaxagoras ibi disposuit. Finitus est liber figure Ptholomei.’