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Ptolemaeus Arabus et Latinus

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Oxford, Bodleian Library, Digby 179

s. XIV1.

Or.:

England, probably Oxford.

Prov.:

Simon Bredon, who copied the glosses of f. 3r-166r and bequeathed the MS to Merton College, Oxford, in 1372; Thomas Allen.

Parchment, III+208 f., a single hand (except for the glosses of f. 3r-166r, in Simon Bredon’s hand), decorated initials.

Astrology: Ptolemaica (f. 1r-170v and 171r-208v); ‘Que sequntur in Greco exemplari sub iniuncta (?) reperi quo mense morietur quis in omni nativitate. Sole ad horoscopum…’ (208vb). Blank: Ir-IIv (except for added title f. Ir: ‘Ptolomaei Quadripartitum’, early modern hand). F. IIIra-IIIvb contains a fragment of John Chrysostom’s sermons in an earlier hand.

Lit.

G. D. Macray, Catalogi codicum manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Bodleianae, IX: Codices a viro clarissimo Kenelm Digby, Oxford, 1883, 192; G. Vuillemin-Diem, C. Steel, Ptolemy’s Tetrabiblos in the Translation of William of Moerbeke. Claudii Ptolemaei liber iudicialium, Leuven, 2015, 3-5.

1ra‑170vb

‘Dixit Egideus de Tebaldis Lonbardus de civitate Parmen<si>: Scire et intelligere gloriosum est opus quia omnis sapientia est a Deo… (1va) Tractatus primus glose Aly Abenridiani (!) super prima parte libri Quadripartiti Ptho<lome>i Pheuludiani. Verba que dixit sapientissimus Ptholomeus in arte iudiciorum… (3rb) Tholomeus, capitulum primum primi tractati (title in the margin). [text] Res, Mizori, quibus perficiuntur pronosticationes accepte de astronomia maiores et nobiliores sunt due. [comm.] Aly: Ptholomeus inspexit in omnibus maneriebus pronosticationum et illas phisicorum defectivas invenit — (166va) [text] Tholomeus loquitur: Et postquam in modo universali perfecimus iudicium nativitatum finem in hoc loco huic libro inponere conveniens extinuamus (!). [comm.] Aly: Quod dixit in modo universali vult dicere quod quicquid posuit in hoc libro sunt regule et radices quibus ars ista componitur. [appendix] Volo in hoc loco dare tibi exemplum trium nativitatum ut melius intendas quicquid locuti sumus in eis, et prima est nativitas mea — hec sunt que tibi glosavi in quibus studium et mentem apponas et Deus te dirigat in viam rectam. Explicit. Explicit.’

= Ptolemy, Quadripartitum (tr. Aegidius de Tebaldis) (A.2.5). Translator’s preface, 1ra-1va; Haly’s preface, 1va-3rb; I, 3rb-45ra; II, 45ra-83vb; III, 83vb-134ra; IV, 134ra-166va; Haly’s appendix, 166va-170vb. Substantial glosses by Simon Bredon, which mainly consist of Plato of Tivoli’s translation (see f. 3r-166r below), but also of glosses to Aegidius de Tebaldis’s translation.

(3r‑166r)

‘Incipit liber quadripartiti Ptholomei Pheludiensis de iudiciis astrorum secundum aliam translacionem. Prohemium [added by another hand: Et apparet Bredon<is>]. Pronosticacio per astronomiam fienda dependet a duobus, ab astrologia quadam universali… (3v) Capitulum I. Rerum, Sire, in quibus est pronosticabilis sciencie stellarum perfectio magnas et precipuas duas esse deprehendimus, quarum altera que precedit et est fortior — hoc in loco huic libro finem imponere non incongruum existimavimus. Explicit liber Alarba Ptholomei in distinccione iudicandi per stellas de futuris et in constitucionis et destruccionis contingentibus.’

= Ptolemy, Quadripartitum (tr. Plato of Tivoli) (A.2.1), as marginal glosses to the previous text. Simon Bredon’s introduction, 3r; I, 3v-45r; II, 45v-82r; III, 84r-133v; IV, 134v-166r. No additional glosses.

171ra‑208vb

‘In primo libro iudicialium Claudii Tho<lome>i ad Sirum insunt ista capitula. Proemium est primum. Quod pronosticatio per astronomiam sit possibilis et usque ad quid… (chapter index). Prohemium. Capitulum primum. Hiis qui instituunt per astronomiam pronosticum finem, o Sire, cum duo insint maxima et principalissima: unum quidem quod et primum est ordine virtute — Consummata iam geneatici sermonis specie summatim, bene utique habebit huic tractatui convenientem inponere tempore [deleted] finem. Explicit liber Ptholomei.’

= Ptolemy, Quadripartitum (tr. William of Moerbeke) (A.2.6). I, 171ra-179vb; II, 179vb-188vb; III, 188vb-201va; IV, 201va-208vb. Substantial glosses by Simon Bredon f. 193r-194v and 201v-202v.