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Arabus et Latinus

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Cesena, Biblioteca Comunale Malatestiana, Plut. S.XXVII.3

s. XIII2 (f. 1-111vb copied c. 1263, a date mentioned as ‘tempus presens’ by the scribe in a gloss on f. 36rb) and XIV-XV (f. 111vb-114v). Or.: Italy, and most probably southern Italy. The glossator mentions a total solar eclipse in Sicily and Calabria, which he himself saw, and the calamities that followed in those regions, including the King of France’s disastrous expedition to Carthage through Sicily (f. 76va). These events correspond to the solar eclipse of 25 May 1267 and to Louis IX’s Eighth Crusade to Tunis in 1270 (see also Lemay, 70-72).

Parchment, I+114 f., two similar hands (I: f. 1-94, except f. 62v added by the glossator; II: f. 95-111), with additions by two or three hands on f. 111vb-114v, decorated initials.

Astrology: table of contents, late medieval (inner front cover); Albumasar, Introductorium maius, tr. John of Seville (1ra-62ra, with chapter index f. Iv); Ptolemaica (62va); Capitula Almansoris (63ra-64vb); Gergis, De significatione septem planetarum in domibus (64vb-66rb); Bethen, De horis planetarum (66rb-66vb); Ptolemaica (67ra-93rb); Robert Grosseteste, De impressionibus aeris (93va-94vb, end missing); Zael, Liber iudiciorum (95ra-111ra); ‘Saturnus vero moratur in unoquoque signo mensibus 30…’ (111ra-111vb); ‘Saturnum diligunt Iupiter, Sol, Luna simulque…’ (111vb); ‘Accipe tabulam planam super cuius extremitatem fac circulum…’ (112ra-112vb); Ptolemaica (113r); Tabula proportionum, with canon (113v-114v). A quire is missing between f. 94 and 95, which contained the end of Grosseteste’s text and Messahallah’s Liber receptionis (cf. table of contents).

Lit. R. Zazzeri, Codici e libri a stampa della Biblioteca Malatestiana di Cesena, Cesena, 1887, 488-491; Catalogo di manoscritti filosofici nelle biblioteche italiane, IV: G. Avarucci, D. Frioli, G. C. Garfagnini, G. Pomaro, P. Rossi, A. Velli, Cesena, Fabriano, Firenze, Grottaferrata, Parma, Firenze, 1982, 177-179; R. Lemay, Abū Ma‘šar al-Balḫī [Albumasar]: Liber introductorii maioris ad scientiam judiciorum astrorum, Napoli, 1995-1996, IV, 70-79; A. Manfron, La biblioteca di un medico del Quattrocento. I codici di Giovanni di Marco da Rimini nella Biblioteca Malatestiana, Torino, 1998, 242-243.


(added by the glossator) ‘<C>um proiectionem radiorum (added above the line: id est stellarum) scire volueris, scias (added above the line: gradum) ascendentis — erit locus radiationis equate. Deo gratias.’


‘Incipit liber 4 tractatuum Ptholomei Alfilludhi in scientia iudiciorum astrorum, et in primo tractatu sunt 24 capitula. Capitulum primum in collectione intellectus scientie iudiciorum astrorum, Quadrip<ar>titus sive Alarba dicitur. Rerum, Yesure, in quibus est pronosticabilis scientie stellarum profectio magnas et precipuas duas esse deprehendimus — hoc in loco huic libro finem imponere non incongruum existimamus. Explicit liber 4 tractatuum Ptholomei in iudicandi discretione per stellas de futuris et in hoc mundo constitutionis et destructionis contingentibus. Amen.’

= Ptolemy, Quadripartitum (tr. Plato of Tivoli) (A.2.1). I, 67ra-73rb; II, 73rb-79rb; III, 79rb-88ra; IV, 88ra-93rb. Substantial glosses by a contemporary or somewhat later hand, which often open ‘Sensus huius littere est…’, ‘In alio...’ or ‘Dicit Haly…’. A few glosses by a later hand.


(added, 14th or 15th c.) ‘Prima die Septembris, Icharus, custos plaustri, apparet — apparet et Cistos, id est Esiendes (?), et est finis Cionis, id est Canis, ante unam diem etc.’