Project icon: lavishly furnished initial letter with a painting of Ptolemy using an astrolab.

Ptolemaeus

Arabus et Latinus

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Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 16208

s. XIIex.

Or.:

most probably France, even though the decoration is Italian (see Juste, Catalogus…).

Prov.:

Roger of Fournival, physician and astrologer of Kings Philippe-Auguste and Louis VIII; Richard of Fournival (son of Roger); Gerard of Abbeville (c. 1261); college of Sorbonne (1272).

Parchment, 136 f., several contemporary neat hands, decorated initials.

Astrology and astronomy: astronomical and astrological notes and horoscopes added by Roger of Fournival (1r-1v); al-Khwārizmī, astronomical tables, adapted for Toledo, with canons (2ra-12v); Raymond of Marseilles, Liber iudiciorum (13ra-26ra); Breviarium Alhandrei summi astrologi, c. 7 (26rb); Liber Arzachelis introductorius ad librum iudiciorum Arabum (26va-33vb); Zael, De interrogationibus (33vb-44vb); Zael, De electionibus (44vb-48ra); Zael, Liber temporum (48ra-49va); Messahallah, Epistola de rebus eclipsium (49va-50va); horoscope of the eclipse of 1215, added by Roger of Fournival (50rb); Gergis, De significatione septem planetarum in domibus (50va-51vb); Messahallah, De cogitatione (51vb-52rb); Messahallah, Liber interpretationum (52rb-53rb); notes on an interrogation of 22 July 1130 ‘Aspexi hanc figuram et fuit autem signum et circulos…’ (53va); notes on an interrogation of 18 November 1131 ‘Dixerunt sapientes quod omnis universalis interrogatio…’ (53va-53vb); Albumasar, Flores (53vb-59ra); Ptolemaica (59rb-65ra); Berengarius, De horologio viatorum (65ra-65va); short chapters on the astrolabe (65va-66rb); calendar, added (66va); Liber isagogarum Alchorismi (67ra-71ra); Haly Embrani, De electionibus horarum (71ra-75vb); Pseudo-Aristotle, Iudicia (76ra-83vb); Hermann of Reichenau, De mensura astrolabii, De utilitatibus astrolabii and De horologio viatorum (83vb-88va); Messahallah, Liber receptionis (88va-91va, incomplete); Toledan tables, partly adapted for Le Mans, with canons (92va-135r); Tabula prenostica Salomonis (135r); letter of 1163 by a certain Heribertus concerning a heretical sect in the region of Périgueux, added (135v); astronomical and astrological notes added by Roger of Fournival (136r-136v). Blank: 91vb-92r.

Lit.

L. Delisle, Inventaire des manuscrits de la Sorbonne conservés à la Bibliothèque Impériale sous les numéros 15176-16718 du fonds latin, Paris, 1870, 47; L. Delisle, Le cabinet des manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Nationale, III, Paris, 1881, 67; N. Bubnov, Gerberti postea Silvestri II papae opera mathematica (972-1003), Berlin, 1899, lxv-lxvi; L. Thorndike, ‘Notes on Some Astronomical, Astrological and Mathematical Manuscripts of the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris’, Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 20 (1957), 112-172: 151-155; P. O. Kristeller, Iter Italicum, III, London-Leiden, 1983, 238; F. Avril, M.-T. Gousset, Manuscrits enluminés d’origine italienne, II: XIIIe siècle, Paris, 1984, 65 (no. 70); E. Poulle, ‘La date de naissance de Louis VIII’, Bibliothèque de l’Ecole des Chartes 145 (1987), 427-430; C. Burnett, ‘Catalogue. The Writings of Adelard of Bath and Closely Associated Works, Together with the Manuscripts in which they Occur’, in Adelard of Bath. An English Scientist and Arabist of the Early Twelfth Century, ed. C. Burnett, London, 1987, 163-196: 189-190 (no. 106); F. S. Pedersen, ‘A Twelfth-Century Planetary Theorica in the Manner of the London Tables’, Cahiers de l’Institut du Moyen-Âge Grec et Latin 60 (1990), 199-318: 205-206; A. Allard, Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī: le calcul indien (Algorismus). Histoire des textes, édition critique, traduction et commentaire des plus anciennes versions latines remaniées du XIIe siècle, Paris-Namur, 1992, xxxvii; L. Toneatto, Codices Artis Mensoriae. I manoscritti degli antichi opusculi latini d’agrimensura (V-XIX sec.), Spoleto, 1994-1995, III, 1083-1087; F. S. Pedersen, The Toledan Tables. A Review of the Manuscripts and the Textual Versions with an Edition, København, 2002, I, 165-166; D. Juste, Les Alchandreana primitifs. Étude sur les plus anciens traités astrologiques latins d’origine arabe (xe siècle), Leiden-Boston, 2007, 363-364; M.-T. d’Alverny, C. Burnett, E. Poulle, Raymond de Marseille: Opera omnia, I: Traité de l’Astrolabe, Liber cursuum planetarum, Paris, 2009, 40-43; D. Juste, Catalogus Codicum Astrologorum Latinorum, II: Les manuscrits astrologiques latins conservés à la Bibliothèque nationale de France à Paris, Paris, 2015, 236-240.

59rb‑65ra

Images

‘Iudiciorum Ptolomei ad Aristonem filium suum liber incipit. Signorum alia sunt masculino generis, alia sunt feminini, scilicet ut Taurus, Cancer — neque amici neque inimici sunt ad invicem.’