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Ptolemaeus

Arabus et Latinus

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Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, F.III.8

s. XIV2 (for f. 1-40; 1355 for f. 20-40, cf. f. 40v: ‘Finitus anno domini M°CCC°LV°, feria secunda post Quasimodo geniti’) and XIVex-XVin (f. 44-222). Prov.: Dominican convent in Basel.

Paper, 264 f., four hands (f. 1-16, 20-41, 44-222 and 223-263). F. 1 is torn and most of it is gone, including the beginning of the first Ptolemaic section. F. 2-5 are torn in lower right corner and several words are lost there. F. 17-19 are missing.

Astrology, natural philosophy and medicine: table of contents, late medieval (1r, only the beginning of it is intact); Ptolemaica (1va-16vb); table of contents, same hand as f. 1r above (16bisv-16terv); Alcabitius, Introductorius (20r-40v); Excerpta Plinii (41r-41v); ‘Summa Hermetis de revolutionibus.  Haly Abenragel ponit hic dicta Hermetis. De revolutionibus annorum (three titles in upper margin). Secundus post conditorem orbis moderator Sol…’ (44ra-48va – compilation whose beginning only corresponds to Zael’s Fatidica); ‘Item nota quod c. 10 dixit Hermes (corr. ex Messe) quod in omni revolutione…’ (48va-48vb); ‘Ex dictis Messahalam de revolutionibus annorum. De constitutione domini anni. Scias primo quando ingreditur Sol in primum minutum signi Arietis…’ (49ra-57va); Ptolemaica (57va-58ra); ‘De institutione domini anni Albumazar. Oportet te primum scire dominum anni, scias huius rei…’ (58ra-58rb); Alkindi (?), Saturnus in Ariete sub radiis… (58va-59rb); Messahallah, Liber receptionis (59va-69vb); Zael, Introductorium, excerpts attr. Iergis ‘Iergis phylosophi. Capitulum de angulis et succedentibus et cadentibus et fortitudinibus et debilitatibus angulorum. Digniora omnibus circuli locis seu laudabiliora seque in fortitudine succedentia…’ (69vb-73rb); ‘De complexionibus stellarum fixarum Ptolemeus in Quadripartito secundo tractatu. Notandum quod loquens in Quadripartito de vera seu complexione stellarum fixarum…’ (73va-77rb); Liber novem iudicum, excerpts ‘De qualitate aeris et temporum Aomar. Qualitas aeris et temporum ex coniunctione et oppositione…’ (77va-79vb); ‘Albumazar in libro magni introductorii. Nota quod duo sunt nature planetarum…’ (80ra-91vb); ‘De dispositione aeris et eius accidentibus ex motu stellarum pronosticare cupiens, primo opportet te scire proprietates…’ (92ra-103rb); ‘Ex propriis experientiis. Nota primo quod 3 vicibus accidit quod quando Sol fuerit…’ (103rb-104vb); ‘Secundum magistrum Iohannem de Ascuide (?) Anglicum. Nota propter rationes quas ponit Haly…’ (105ra-110rb); ‘De experientiis propriis. Venus intrans Cancrum signum…’ (110va-115rb); ‘Anno nonagesimo nono Augusto coniunctio precedens introitum Solis in Libram…’ (116ra-222v); Pseudo-Aristotle, Secretum secretorum, excerpt (223ra-224rb); Arnold of Villanova, Regimen sanitatis (224rb-232vb); Thomas of Cantimpré, De natura rerum, Books I-II (232vb-263rb). Blank: f. 16bisr, 42-43, 115v, 263v-264v. Sections on f. 44ra-48va, 49ra-57va, 73va-77rb, 80ra-91vb, 92ra-103rb and 105ra-110rb consist of compilations dealing mainly with astrometeorology and mundane astrology on the basis of many authors, including Abraham Avenezra, Albertus Magnus, Albumasar, Alkindi, Aomar, Haly Abenragel, Hermes, John of Eschenden, Peudo-John of Seville, Messahallah, Ptolemy, Robert Grosseteste, Zael, as well as on the author’s own observations, put together under the titles ‘Ex experientiis propriis’ (103rb-104vb) and ‘De experientiis propriis’ (110va-115rb). These observations most probably result from the long section f. 116ra-222v, where the author recorded the weather in parallel with planetary positions for every day between 31 August 1399 and 31 March 1406 (see Thorndike and also L. Thorndike, ‘A Daily Weather Record from the Years 1399 to 1401’, Isis 57 (1966), 90-99).

Lit.   L. Thorndike, ‘A Weather Record for 1399-1406 A.D.’, Isis 32 (1949), 304-323: 304-305; E. Zinner, ‘Aus alten Handschriften’, Naturforschende Gesellschaft Bamberg 38 (1962), 8-57:11; Katalog der datierten Handschriften in der Schweiz in lateinischer Schrift vom Anfang des Mittelalters bis 1550, I: M. von Scarpatetti, Die Handschriften der Bibliothek von Aarau, Appenzell und Basel, Dietikon-Zürich, 1977, 179-180 (no. 499); M. Nicoud, Les régimes de santé au Moyen Âge, Roma, 2007, II, 771-772.

1va‑16vb

‘… Hiis enim duobus vivificatur sapiam (?) scilicet inveniendo non inventa et excitando sopita… (2ra) secundo prosequitur ibi. Scientia astrorum: Circa primum duo facit, in parte enim prima premittit quedam generalia documenta — Ita et ortus istius et ideo non plane dicenda sunt. Hic satis enim dictum est superius. Explicit scripta supra Centilogium Ptholomei edita a magistro Wilhelmo de Arrogonia.’

= William of Aragon, Scripta supra Centilogium Ptholomei (C.3.1), without the beginning of v. 1 due to f. 1 damaged fort he most part. No glosses. In both tables of contents (f. 1r and 16bisv), the title reads ‘Sententia supra Centiloquium Ptolomei edita a magistro Wilhelmo de Arragonia’.

57va‑58ra

‘De cometis. <D>ixit Ptolomeus quod stelle cum caudis sunt 9 — si cum Iove quicquid ipsa significabit cum regibus.’