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Ptolemaeus

Arabus et Latinus

Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ Τ Υ Φ Χ Ψ Ω α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο π ρ σ ς τ υ φ χ ψ ω
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Work B.4

Pseudo-Ptolemy
De cometis

Text ‘(ed. Boudet) Dixit Ptholomeus quod stelle cum caudis sunt 9, quarum prima est veru, secunda Tenaculum, tercia Pertica — significabit mortalitatem multam et decollatione’ [or: ‘... ipsa signaficabit in regibus et divitibus apparebit’]

Content A brief description of nine types of comets, together with their influence on earthly events.

Origin This chapter is one of the two additional chapters (with B.10) generally found together with the Centiloquium in Plato of Tivoli’s translation (B.1.2) and in the ‘Mundanorum’ version (B.1.4), either at the beginning or at the end. It is related to v. 99-100 of the Centiloquium, which deal with comets, but its origin and exact relationship to the Centiloquium remain to be investigated. The text exists in three versions: (1) the standard version (‘Dixit Ptholomeus quod stelle cum caudis sunt 9…’), generally found together with the Centiloquium in Plato of Tivoli’s translation; (2) an expanded version of the former (‘Ptholomeus in hoc libro tricas et tricarum nomina posuit…’), generally found together with the Centiloquium in the ‘Mundanorum’ version; (3) a version attributed to Robert Grosseteste and consisting of the expanded version followed by Grosseteste’s last part of his own De cometis (ed. Panti, 326-328, lines 112-145). The latter version occurs in MSS Erfurt, UFB, Amplon. Q. 361; Florence, BM, C 163 (among Grosseteste’s works); and Munich, BSB, Clm 588.

Bibl. F. J. Carmody, Arabic Astronomical and Astrological Sciences in Latin Translation. A Critical Bibliography, Berkeley-Los Angeles, 1956, 16-17 (no. 3d); R. Lemay, Abū Ma‘šar al-Balḫī [Albumasar]: Liber introductorii maioris ad scientiam judiciorum astrorum, Napoli, 1995-1996, IV, 143-144; R. Lemay, Le Kitāb at-Tamara (Liber fructus, Centiloquium) d’Abū Ja’far Aḥmad ibn Yūsuf [Ps.-Ptolémée], New York, 1999, I, 334-335 and passim; C. Panti, Moti, virtù e motori celesti nella cosmologia di Roberto Grossatesta. Studio ed edizione dei trattati De sphaera, De cometis, De motu supercelestium, Firenze, 2001, 153-156 and 245-252; J.-P. Boudet, ‘Les comètes dans le Centiloquium et le De cometis du pseudo-Ptolémée’, in The Impact of Arabic Sciences in Europe and Asia, Firenze, 2016 (Micrologus XXIV), 195-226: 210-220. For the version attributed to Grosseteste, see also S. H. Thomson, ‘The Text of Grosseteste’s De cometis’, Isis 19 (1933), 19-25: 19; S. H. Thomson, The Writings of Robert Grosseteste, Bishop of Lincoln (1235-1253), Cambridge, 1940, 112 (no. 65).

Ed. The standard version is edited by Lemay, Le Kitāb, I, 334-335 (from Berlin, SBPK, Hamilton 557), and Boudet, ‘Les comètes’, 211-212 n. 68 (from several MSS, with a French translation, 210-211); the expanded version by Boudet, ‘Les comètes’, 218-220 (from several MSS); and the version attributed to Grosseteste by L. Baur, Die philosophischen Werke des Robert Grosseteste, Bischofs von Lincoln, Münster, 1912, 36-39, together with his edition of Grosseteste’s De cometis (from Erfurt, UFB, Amplon. Q. 361 and Munich, BSB, Clm 588).

MSS

Avignon, BM, 1022 (341), s. XV, f. 224vb-225va

Basel, UB, F.III.8, s. XIV-XV, f. 57va-58ra

Basel, UB, F.III.25, s. XIII, f. 51rb

Basel, UB, O.IV.4, s. XV, f. 41v

Berlin, SBPK, Hamilton 557, s. XIII, f. 14r-14v

Bernkastel-Kues, CSB, 208, s. XIV, f. 150ra-150rb

Brussels, BR, 18678-18781, s. XIV, f. 1va

Cambridge, UL, Ii 1.13 (1705), s. XIV, f. 200v

Cambridge, UL, Kk 4.7 (2022), s. XIV, f. 131va

Cambridge, UL, Mm 4.43 (2391), s. XIV, f. 249(5)va-249(6)vb

Cesena, BCM, Plut. S.XXVII.1, s. XV, f. 222r

Cracow, BJ, 805, s. XV, f. 360va-360vb

Darmstadt, HLHB, 739, s. XIV, f. 181va-182ra

Dublin, TC, 397, s. XV, f. 40v-41r

Dublin, TC, 399, s. XV, f. 159va-160rb

Dublin, TC, 441, s. XIV, f. 227r-227v

Erfurt, UFB, Amplon. F. 380, s. XIV, f. 140r-140v

Erfurt, UFB, Amplon. Q. 361, s. XIV, f. 126rb-126vb

Florence, BM, C 163, s. XIV-XV, f. 21rb-21vb

Florence, BML, Ashburnham 203 (129/135), s. XVI, f. 46r-47v

Florence, BML, Plut. 30.29, s. XIII, f. 63ra-63rb

Florence, BNC, Conv. Soppr. J.X.20 (San Marco 163), s. XIV-XV, f. 17v-18r

Florence, BR, 163, s. XIII, f. 25v-26rImages

Florence, BR, 885, s. XIV, f. 350v

Ghent, UB, 5 (416), s. XV, f. 21r-21v

London, BL, Arundel 268, s. XIV, f. 40ra-40rb

London, BL, Royal 12.E.XXV, s. XIII-XIV, f. 172r

Madrid, BN, 10015 (olim Toledo 98-17), s. XIII, f. 19va-19vb

Milan, BA, C. 299 inf., s. XV, f. 181va-182ra

Munich, BSB, Clm 275, s. XV, f. 13r

Munich, BSB, Clm 276, s. XIV, f. 86vb

Munich, BSB, Clm 588, s. XIV, f. 112va-113rb

Munich, BSB, Clm 14684, s. XIV, f. 70v

Nürnberg, SB, Solg. Ms. 31.4°, s. XV, f. 38v-39v

Oxford, BL, 4° D 21 Jur., s. XVI, f. 11r-11v

Paris, BnF, lat. 7316, s. XV, f. 145r

Paris, BnF, n.a.l. 625, s. XIV, f. 46va-46vb

Salamanca, BU, 189, s. XIV, f. 21rb-21va

Salamanca, BU, 2051, s. XIV, f. 26ra-26va

Segovia, ABC, B 349 (84), s. XV, f. 75v-76r

Seville, BCC, 7-7-30, s. XV, f. 145r-145v

St Florian, SB, XI.619, s. XV, f. 82r

Vatican, BAV, Barb. lat. 328, s. XV, f. 195r-195v

Vatican, BAV, Borgh. 312, s. XIII-XIV, f. 24vb-25ra

Vatican, BAV, Pal. lat. 1376, s. XV, f. 185rb-185va

Vatican, BAV, Vat. lat. 3096, s. XIV, f. 160r

Vienna, ÖNB, 2388, s. XIII, f. 22r-22v

Vienna, ÖNB, 5209, s. XVI, f. 74v-76v

Vienna, ÖNB, 5414, s. XV, f. 136va-136vb

Wolfenbüttel, HAB, 444 Helmst. (479), s. XV, f. 200rb-200va