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Ptolemaeus

Arabus et Latinus

Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ Τ Υ Φ Χ Ψ Ω α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο π ρ σ ς τ υ φ χ ψ ω
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Oxford, Bodleian Library, Ashmole 345

s. XIV.

Or.:

England.

Parchment, 80 f., three rather neat hands: f. 1-38, 39-69 and 70-80. The MS includes at the end a printed text (Raymundus Lullus’s Ars brevis, ed. Lyons, 1514).

Astrology and divination: Alkindi (?), Saturnus in Ariete sub radiis…, attr. Haly (1r-3v); Ptolemaica (3v-5r); ‘Prognosticum Ypocratis quod dies mortis vel salutis ostendit. Saturni die qui in lectum…’ (5r-6r); Astronomia Ypocratis, anonymous tr. (6r-12v); ‘De triplici mense lunari. Ut dicit Galenus in tertio de criticis diebus Luna…’ (12v-13v); ‘Notandum quod Campanus capitulo 5 compoti sui potest diem universalem dividi in 4 quadras…’ (13v-14v); Pseudo-Albertus Magnus, Speculum astronomie (14v-21r); ‘De colore eclipsis solaris. Color eclipsis solaris solummodo color aeris est…’ (21r); Ptolemaica (21r-22r); ‘De vero motu planetarum per instrumentum. Fiat columpna et locetur in congrua basi…’ (22r-23r); ‘Quum domus questionis tenuerit duo signa forcius eorum oportet (?) primum et eius dominus…’ (23r-23v); ‘Cum autem dispositionem pronosticare volueris…’ (23v-24r); ‘Capitulum locorum expertorum in verbis sapientum. Saturnus cum fuerit in domo sua in nativitate diurna significabit quod natus erit amicus sapientum…’ (25r-27v); Messahallah, Liber interpretationum (28r-31r); ‘De sompniis. Cum enim aliquis in sompno (!) pluvias et mare et flumina…’ (31r-31v); Astronomia Ypocratis, tr. William of Moerbeke (31v-37r); Haly Abenragel, De iudiciis astrorum, VII.100 (37r-38v); ‘De electionibus per cursum Lune in diversis signis. Cum Luna fuerit in Ariete signo, firmo, orientali…’ (39r-44v); Proportiones competentes in astrorum industria, c. 16, and In principio fecit Deus caelum et terram…, c. 20-22 (45r-46r); Albumasar, Flores de electionibus (47r-63r), including extraneous material: a section adapted from the Alchandreana ‘De inventione 7 planetarum. Computatis annis ab inicio mundi…’ (54v-55r) and three unfinished astronomical or astrological figures (55bisr-55terr); ‘Astronomia docet de magnitudine mobili, hoc est de motibus firmamenti et planetarum et de eorum effectibus…’ (63r-63v); ‘Spere sunt IX, sive celi et unum in terra…’ (63r-63v); In principio fecit Deus caelum et terram…, c. 24 (64r); Sortes regis Amalrici, preface (64r-64v); Proportiones competentes in astrorum industria, c. 8 and 50 (64v-66r); ‘A Sole. Sol submite latens sero maculosus presagit tempus pluviosum…’ (66r); ‘De significationibus tonitrui. Si vero tercia Luna tonitrua audieris bis eadem Luna tempestas…’ (66v-67r, including Proportiones competentes in astrorum industria, c. 47); Proportiones competentes in astrorum industria, 48 (67r-67v); ‘Ventos quatuor cardinales decimus, quorum primus septemtrion…’ (67v-68r); Revelatio Esdrae ‘Kalendas Ianuarii si in dominica evenerit, yemem calidam et humidam…’ (68r-68v); ‘Quando A fuerit litera dominicalis, yemps calidus…’ (68v-69r); ‘Si festum nativitatis domini in die dominica evenerit, tunc erit yemps utilis…’ (69r); ‘Si in prima nocte ventus fuerit, ordinata moriuntur in illo anno…’ (69r-69v); Guillelmus Anglicus, De urina non visa (70r-74r); Ptolemaica (74r-76r); ‘Epistola de discretione mortis. Aspice in occasionibus mortem…’ (76r-77r); ‘De puerorum nativitate. Quando ergo puer nascitur diligenter prospice quod signum emergat in oriente…’ (77r-78v); ‘De artibus cuius nativitatem noveris. Vidistis utiliter quod diximus…’ (78v-80r); ‘Lania (?) pro calculo. In die et hora Solis, Sole existente in Leone…’ (80r-80v). Blank: 24v, 46v, 55v, 55terv, 56r.

Lit.

W. R. Black, A Descriptive and Critical Catalogue of the Manuscripts Bequeathed unto the University of Oxford by Elias Ashmole, Oxford, 1845, 249-252; P. Zambelli, S. Caroti, M. Pereira, S. Zamponi, Alberto magno: Speculum astronomiae, Pisa, 1977, 159-162; A. Paravicini Bagliani, Le Speculum Astronomiae, une énigme? Enquête sur les manuscrits, Turnhout, 2001, 34-35; D. Juste, Les Alchandreana primitifs. Étude sur les plus anciens traités astrologiques latins d’origine arabe (xe siècle), Leiden-Boston, 2007, 344-346; L. Moulinier-Brogi, Guillaume l’Anglais, le frondeur de l’uroscopie médiévale (XIIIe siècle), Genève, 2011, 225; M. Cesario, ‘An English Source for A Latin Text? Wind Prognostication in Oxford, Bodleian, Hatton 115 and Ashmole 345’, Studies in Philology 112 (2015), 213-233: 228-230; H. Zepeda, The First Latin Treatise on Ptolemy’s Astronomy: The Almagesti minor (c. 1200), Turnhout, 2018, 74.

3v‑5r

Images

‘Responsum Tholomei ad sciendum utrum nativitas fuit masculina aut feminina. Dicit Tholomeus: Huius rei causa maxime proprie — et similiter sunt descensiones opposite hiis, ut patet in figuris.’

21r‑22r

‘De instrumento. <Q>ueritur primum due armille convenientis mensure — ubi diversitas aspectus non impedit vicinior est consideracio.’

= Almagesti minor (C.1.3)

, V.1, without the enunciation. No glosses.

74r‑76r

‘Propositio Tholomei de crisi. Albaharim sane et certe sunt hore in quibus declarantur mutationes membrorum (!)… Expositio. Ptholomeus docuit nos in hoc verbo causas dierum determinabilium… (74v) Sequitur figura Ptholomei quam Haly commentator suus describit sic quando et qualiter morbi acuti habere debent suas determinationes sive ad bonum sive ad malum — aut Scorpione aut in Aquario, tunc illa egritudo est deterior egritudinum isti homini et est dignior ut eo moriatur quoniam est ex radice superiorum.’

= Propositio de crisi (C.3.3)

. No glosses.