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Ptolemaeus

Arabus et Latinus

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Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 7432

s. XV2 (between 1468 and 1488; it is unclear whether the dates given in the colophons correspond to the composition or to the copy of the texts, cf. f. 148v: ‘finita fuerunt hec commentaria in Bellapartica tertio die Ianuarii anno 1477° currente’; f. 207v: ‘Finit 1468, IX Septembris’; f. 259r: ‘verificatus ad annum Iohannis ducis Borbonii 49 completum a sua nativitate [1476]’. Or.: copied under the supervision of Conrad Heingarter at the castle of Belleperche (Allier) for the Duke of Bourbon Jean II (cf. f. 3v-4r, 125v-126r, 135r, 148v, 222r, 223r, 259r). Prov.: Colbert; library of the kings of France in 1732.

Parchment, 275 f., a single neat hand, deluxe MS with large illuminations f. 5r, 34r, 66r, 103v, 134v, 151v, 160r, 209r, 224r, 238v) and numerous painted initials throughout.

Astrology and astronomy: ‘De vita Ptholomei. Ptholomeus in omnibus scientiis… De Hermete. Hermes in Egipto natus fuerat…’ (1r); table of contents (1v-3r); Ptolemaica (3v-134r and 134v-151r); Messahallah, Epistola de rebus eclipsium (151v-156v); Alcabitius, Introductorius, with comm. John of Saxony (157r-207v, with chapter index 208r-208v); Theorica planetarum Gerardi with comm. (209r-222v); Conrad Heingarter, star table verified for the meridian of Belleperche and the time of Jean II of Bourbon (223r-223v); John of Saxony, canons of Alfonsine tables (224r-236v); ‘De statione planetarum et retrogradatione’ (237r-238r); Alfonsine tables (239r-258v); ‘Dixit divus Albertus Magnus: Hoc autem quod nivem…’ (259r); ‘Nota quod venti secundum Ptholomeum triplicitatis Arietis sunt inter…’ (259r); table: points of essential dignities of each planet in each of the 360° (259v-263v); Astronomia Ypocratis, tr. William of Moerbeke (264r-266r); ‘Incipit tractatus de pronosticis et componendis atque ministrandis medicinis. Magna utilitas atque laus medico…’ (266r-268r); ‘Sequitur de scientia pestilentie. In zodiaco sunt quedam loca…’ (268r-268v); added notes in Greek (270r-275v). Blank: 269.

Lit.Catalogus codicum manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Regiae, IV: Cod. Latini 7226-8822, Paris, 1744, 357-358; L. Delisle, Le cabinet des manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Impériale, I, Paris, 1868, 171 and 173; C. Samaran, R. Marichal, Catalogue des manuscrits en écriture latine portant des indications de date, de lieu ou de copiste, II: Bibliothèque Nationale, fonds latin (Nos 1 à 8000), Paris, 1962, II, 516; R. Lemay, Le Kitāb at-Tamara (Liber fructus, Centiloquium) d’Abū Ja’far Aḥmad ibn Yūsuf [Ps.-Ptolémée], New York, 1999 [unpublished], I, 395-396; D. Juste, Catalogus Codicum Astrologorum Latinorum, II: Les manuscrits astrologiques latins conservés à la Bibliothèque nationale de France à Paris, Paris, 2015, 152-153.

3v‑134r

Images

‘[conrad heingarter’s preface] <D>eus illum vere diligit in quo posuit superioris scientie intellectum, que procul dubio est scientia astrorum… (4r) [haly’s preface] <D>icimus quod iudicium stellarum est scientia a principiis certis proveniens… (4v) [haly’s comm.] Dixit Ptho<lome>us quod res quibus ars pronosticationum perfecte completur maiores et nobiliores sunt due … (5r) [text] Ptholomei scientie astrorum peritissimi Quadripartitum feliciter incipit, cuius quidem prima pars in xxiiii distinguitur capitula, quorum primum ostendit quod scientia iudiciorum astrorum non adeo est demonstrativa ut scientia motuum, que pure mathematicalis est. Sunt autem huius primi capituli aphorismorum. Aph<orismus> I. Res, o Mizori, quibus pronostocationes accepte de astronomia maiores et nobiliores due sunt — (125v) [text] Et postquam in modo universali perfecimus iudicium nativitatum finem in hoc loco huic libro conveniens existimamus. Ptholomei viri illustrissimi qui pe…e (?) suo totum pene celum clausit Quadripartitum finit foeliciter. [haly’s comm.] Quod autem dixit in modo universali vult dicere quod quicquid posuit in hoc libro sunt regule et radices quibus ars ista componitur. Laus Deo glorioso et sublimi. [conrad heingarter’s conclusion] <H>ec sunt commentaria, excellentissime princeps, tuus ego Conradus Heingarter ad tui nominis laudem — (126r) temporibus florescet. Finit commentum Quadripartiti Ptholomei principis astrologorum doctissimi. (125v) [haly’s appendix] Incipiunt exempla hec (?) trium nativitatum Haly, et primo nativitas sua. Volo in hoc loco dare exempla trium nativitatum ut melius intendas quicquid locuti sumus in eis — Hec sunt que tibi glosavi in quibus mentem et studium apponas et Deus te dirigat in viam rectam. [additional note] Volui autem probare utrum ille auctor secundum 9 speram vel secundum octavam et inveni per loca planetarum que ponit in figura sue nativitatis quod ipsa fuit annis Christi perfectis 986, 10 mensibus, 15 die Ianuarii, qua die equavi planetas secundum tabulas Machabeorum (!), inveni sic.’

= Conrad Heingarter, Commentary on the Quadripartitum (C.2.9). Conrad Heingarter’s preface, 3v-4r; Haly’s preface, 4r; I, 4v-33r; II, 33v-65r; III, 65r-103r; IV, 103v-126r; Haly’s appendix, 125v-134r. Haly’s commentary and Conrad Heingarter’s notes are copied in the margin in smaller script.

134v‑151r

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‘[text] Incipit Centilogium Ptholomei. Prologus Haly. Dixit Ptholomeus: Iam scripsi tibi, Iesure, libros de hoc quod operantur stelle in hoc seculo… Propositio prima. Mundanorum mutatio ad hoc et ad illud corporum supercelestium… (135r) [conrad heingarter’s comm.] <V>etus oppinio est (ut dicit Cicero) iam usque ab heroicis ducta temporibus eaque et veteris populi Romani et omnium gentium firmata — (146r) [text] si vero fuerint immobiles, erit proditor ex aliqua civitatum eiusdem climatis. [conrad heingarter’s comm.] … Et inveni quemdam parvum tractatum de speciebus cometum seu cometarum qui Ptho<lome>o ascribitur, eumque adiunximus in fine verbis Ptholomei, eumque glosavimus ut sequitur. (146v) [text] Ptholomeus dixit quod stelle cum caudis sunt novem… [conrad heingarter’s comm.] <D>ixit Ptholemeus: Stelle cum caudis sunt novem etc. Loquamur nunc in speciali de cometibus — (151r) [text] in regibus et divitibus apparebit. [conrad heingarter’s comm.] … quoque distanciis ad presens sufficiant.’

= Conrad Heingarter, Commentary on the Centiloquium (C.3.5). The standard commentary (in Plato of Tivoli’s translation) and Conrad Heingarter’s notes are copied in the margin in smaller script.