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Ptolemaeus

Arabus et Latinus

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Florence, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Ashburnham 1733

s. XIII.

Parchment, II+76 f., one main hand (except for f. Iv-II and 49-52, which consist of three inserted bifolia copied in a contemporary or somewhat later hand, and for later additions f. Ir and 75vb-76v). The MS has been damaged (apparently by fire), making the last folia partly illegible (f. 58-76, and especially f. 69-76, whose large portions are lost).

Astrology: horoscope dated 1307 (Ir, added); ‘Signa zodiaci sunt ista. Aries, Taurus…’ (Iva-Ivb); ‘Hora Saturni bona est ad emendum ferrum…’ (Ivb-IIra); ‘Quando Luna est in Ariete bonum est emere equos bellicosos…’ (IIra-IIvb); ‘In istius artis principio videndum quid sit ars et que materia…’ (1ra-2rb); Liber Arzachelis introductorius ad librum iudiciorum Arabum (2va-18va); Zael, De interrogationibus, c. 1-11 (18va-21rb); Ptolemaica (21va-34va and 34va-35ra); ‘In questione asp<ice> ascendens et dominum eius…’ (35rb-35vb); Messahallah, Epistola de rebus eclipsium, c. 1-2 (35vb-36rb); Albumasar, Flores (36va-48vb and 53ra-55vb); Messahallah, Epistola de rebus eclipsium, complete (49ra-51vb); ‘De dominio planetarum in horis. Sciendum est quod in septimana…’ (52ra-52rb); table: 168 planetary hours (52v); Ptolemaica (56ra-73rb); table of terms: ‘Termini Ptolomei’ (73v); Epistola Argafalau ad Alexandrum, c. 1-3 (73vb-74va); ‘Luna cum fuerit in Ariete in 18 Iulii erit in illo anno ventus orientalis…’ (74vb-75va); added notes, not scientific (75vb-76v).

Lit.Biblioteca di Ashburnham-Place. Fondo libri (segnatura attuale) (typed catalogue), 58.

21va‑34va

‘Iudiciorum Ptholomei ad Aristonem filium suum liber incipit. Signorum alia sunt masculini generis, alia feminini, ut Taurus, Cancer — procul dubio si iacuerit i<n>pregnabitur.’

= Pseudo-Ptolemy, Iudicia (B.12). A couple of corrections by the scribe and a few marginal notes by two later hands, more substantial on f. 30r and especially on f. 33v.

34va‑35rb

‘De primo die mensis Septembris. Prima die mensis Hycarus custos plaustri apparet — et est finis cionis, id est Canis ante unam diem. Notandum est quod cum est annus Zoal et Martis omnia signa mutationis validiora in cunctis mitiora — et planeta illus terris habet dominum tocius anni.’

56ra‑73rb

‘Incipit centum eloquia vel capitula seu centum verba Ptolomei. Dixit Ptolomeus: Iam scripsi tibi, Iesure, librum de hoc quod operantur stelle in seculo… Verbum primum. Scientia stellarum ex te et illis est… Quod dixit Philosophus, ex te et illis, significat quod qui res futuras — (72rb) Quidquid enim dixit Philosophus in hoc libro iam probavimus et exposuimus. Ptolomeus: Iste cum caudis sunt 9 — (72vb) in regibus et in divitibus apparebit. Verbum 100. Dixit Philosophus: … qui locus id est gradus — … [explicit gone].’

= Pseudo-Ptolemy, Centiloquium (version ‘Mundanorum’) (B.1.4), except for v. 1-9, given in Plato of Tivoli’s translation (B.1.2). The propositions from v. 10 onwards are given in the version ‘Mundanorum 2’ only and the text contains a good deal of variants. Ptolemy’s name has been replaced in the commentary by ‘Philosophus’, either abbreviated ‘Phs.’ or written in full. The text includes Pseudo-Ptolemy’s De cometis (B.4), appended to v. 99, on f. 72rb-72vb, and Dixerunt Ptholomeus et Hermes quod locus Lune… (B.10), considered v. 100, on f. 72vb-73rb. Occasional short marginal notes by one or two later hands. The last folia are severely damaged.