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Ptolemaeus

Arabus et Latinus

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Darmstadt, Hessische Landes- und Hochschulbibliothek, 739

s. XIV1 (f. 153-232; the other parts of the MS date from the 9th to the 14th c.). Or.: probably Liège for f. 153-232. An early owner added historical, astronomical and meteorological notes in the margins of the almanac for the years 1346 to 1367 (f. 195v-206r), four of which mentioning Liège (f. 195v, 196r and 204v). Prov.: St James of Liège (cf. medieval ex-libris f. 1r, 40r, 79r, 125r and 243r).

Parchment, 252 f. Composite MS made of at least ten parts of various dates, of which f. 153-232 form one part copied by three hands (I: f. 153-164, II: f. 165-184; III: f. 185-232). The homogeneity of this part is shown by a table contents added by a 14th-c. hand at the bottom of f. 153r and by the fact that hand III added texts in the lower margin of f. 180v-184r and on f. 184va-184vb.

Astrology and astronomy (f. 153-232): Albumasar, Flores (153ra-165vb); Ptolemaica (166ra-181va, 181va-182ra, 182ra-182rb and 182rb-183vb); Sem filius Haym, Capitulum in narratione Saturni quid accidat in mundo (180v-184r, added in lower margin by hand III); Abraham Avenezra, Liber de electionibus, anonymous tr., excerpts ‘Dicit Abraham: Comede medicinam, scilicet in pillis, vel bibere pocionem…’ (183vb-184va); canons of the almanac of f. 185-232 (184va-184vb, added by hand III); planetary almanac 1340-1380 (185r-232v). Two other parts of the MS contain scientific texts: f. 1-39 (13th c.) are filled with Euclid, Elementa, version ‘Adelard II’, I-VI.32; and f. 243-249 (14th c.) contain astronomical and astrological texts: Robertus Anglicus, Quadrans vetus (243ra-249ra); comm. (?) on Pseudo-Thebit Bencora, De motu octave spere (249rb-249va); ‘Ut mos est philosophorum in nativitate atque universali interrogatione querere primitus hyles…’ (249ra-249rb). The other parts of the MS deal with grammar, medicine and theology.

Lit. P. O. Kristeller, Iter Italicum, III, London-Leiden, 1983, 513-514; H. L. L. Busard, M. Folkerts, Robert of Chester’s (?) Redaction of Euclid’s Elements, the so-Called Adelard II Version, Basel-Boston-Berlin, 1992, I, pp. 40-41; R. Bergmann, S. Stricker, Katalog der althochdeutschen und altsächsischen Glossenhandschriften, I, Berlin, 2005, 308; R. Lemay, Le Kitāb at-Tamara (Liber fructus, Centiloquium) d’Abū Ja’far Aḥmad ibn Yūsuf [Ps.-Ptolémée], New York, 1999 [unpublished], I, 241-242.

166ra‑181va

‘<D>ixit Ptolomeus: Iam scripsi tibi, Iesure, libros de hoc quod operantur stelle in hoc seculo… <S>cientia stellarum et ex te et illis est… Quod dixit Ptolomeus, ex te et illis, significat quod qui res futuras prenosse desiderat — Ego Deum deprecor ut te dirigat. At perfecta est huius libri translatio 17° die mensis Martii, 12 die mensis Uiumedi (?) secundi anno Arabum 309 alias 530.’

= Pseudo-Ptolemy, Centiloquium (tr. Plato of Tivoli) (B.1.2). Substantial glosses (filling the margins entirely) by the scribe or a contemporary hand f. 166r-173r (up to v. 50). No glosses thereafter.

181va‑182ra

‘<P>tolomeus dixit quod stelle cum caudis sunt 9 — in regibus et divitibus apparebit, de cenaculo vero non aliud quam de p<er>tica iudicandum.’

182ra‑182rb

‘<D>ixerunt Ptholomeus et Hermes quod locus Lune in hora et hoc expertus fuit multociens.’

182rb‑183vb

‘<A>lboharan etc. Verbum Ptholomei 60 in quo Ptholomeus tria tangit. Primum est de occasione dierum creticorum — et acuta ut de magna causa et brevi, ideo etc. Explicit.’