PAL

Ptolemaeus Arabus et Latinus

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Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 7316A

s. XIV1.

Or.:

Italy or Spain for f. 1-88; f. 89-188 were intended for the use of an astrologer in Spain (cf. astronomical tables for Seville, Toledo and Valladolid f. 116v-117r and for Toledo, Valladolid, Seville, Cordoba and Murcia f. 118v-125r; ascension tables for latitudes 30°-45° f. 125r-132r; tables of houses for Toledo and Valladolid f. 132v-138r; tables of houses also for Florence f. 138v-139r). This astrologer may well be Alfonsus Dyonisii of Lisbon (d. 1352, on him see C.2.2, Note 3), for the MS also preserves the only known copy of an astrological text on the rectification of nativities translated by him in Seville in 1334 (f. 180r, only the last page survives due to missing folia). In the colophon (ed. Thorndike, 136-137), Alfonsus presents himself as physician to King Alfonso IV of Portugal (reigned 1325-1357) and to his daughter, Maria, queen of Castile and León, i.e. Maria of Portugal (1313-1357), who married King Alfonso XI of Castile in 1328. In the same colophon, Alfonsus also mentions his own astronomical tables for the meridian of ‘Succa’, which, as Thorndike suggested, might be a mistake for Lucca. This suggestion is all the more plausible, because the above-mentioned tables of houses for Florence f. 138v-139r are attributed to one ‘master Al.’, whom it is tempting to identify with Alfonsus. Lucca is just 60 km west of Florence and at the same latitude, so that the tables of houses would be valid for both cities. Prov.: Antonello Petrucci (d. 1487); library of the Aragonese kings of Naples since Ferdinand I.

Prov.:

Antonello Petrucci (d. 1487); library of the Aragonese kings of Naples since Ferdinand I.

Parchment, III+188+IVa f., MS made of two parts, the first of which (f. 1-88, decorated initials) is copied in a very neat hand. The second part (f. 89-187) was copied by at least two hands. One or several folia are missing between f. 179 and 180.

Astrology and astronomy: Albumasar, Flores (1ra-18rb); Alfraganus, De scientia astrorum, tr. John of Seville (19ra-45ra); Pseudo-John of Seville, Tractatus pluviarum et aeris mutationis (45ra-47rb); Bethen, Centiloquium (47rb-50ra); ‘Cum prima facie Arietis ascendit forma hominis nigri…’ (50ra-50rb); Ptolemaica (50rb-51ra); Messahallah, Epistola de rebus eclipsium (51ra-52vb); Pseudo-John of Seville, Epitome totius astrologie, excerpt ‘De his stellis hoc modo continetur in tractatu magistri Iohannis Yspale<nsis>. In Ariete est unum de syderibus…’ (52vb-53rb); Capitula Almansoris (53rb-57vb); Alkindi, De mutatione temporum (57vb-69va); Messahallah, In pluviis et ventis epistola (69va-71vb); Messahallah, Liber receptionis (71vb-85ra); ‘Cum interrogatus fueris de thesauro vel de aliqua re occulta…’ (85ra-88rb); astronomical tables with canons (89r-179v), including Alfonsine tables (141r-163v) and John of Saxony’s Canones copied in the margin (117v-128v and 141v-163v); treatise on the rectification of nativities translated by Alfonsus Dyonisii of Lisbon in 1334, last page only due to missing folia (180ra-180rb); astronomical tables with canons (180v-187v), including Alfonsine star catalogue (182r-183v). Blank: 18v, 88v, 188.

Bibl.

Catalogus codicum manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Regiae, IV: Cod. Latini 7226-8822, Paris, 1744, 340; L. Delisle, Le cabinet des manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Impériale, I, Paris, 1868, 229 and 242; G. Mazzatinti, La biblioteca dei re d’Aragona in Napoli, Firenze, 1897, 74 (no. 199); L. Thorndike, ‘Notes on Some Astronomical, Astrological and Mathematical Manuscripts of the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris’, Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 20 (1957), 112-172: 133-138; D. Juste, Catalogus Codicum Astrologorum Latinorum, II: Les manuscrits astrologiques latins conservés à la Bibliothèque nationale de France à Paris, Paris, 2015, 98-99.

50rb–⁠51ra

Images

‘De creticis diebus in continuis febribus et acutis iuxta Ptolomeum secundum quod Lune status invenerit certificemus. Ad quod oportet scire Lunam in zodiaco 8 proportiones habere. Prima et principalis est existentia gradus in quo cum Sole est, et dicitur coniunctio — quod si eundo obviat malignis vel fixis que dicuntur puthei sentiet eger passionis detrimentum.’

= De creticis diebus in continuis febribus et acutis (C.3.7). No glosses.