Ptolemaeus Arabus et Latinus

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Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 7257

s. XIII1.


copied by a northern French scribe active in Bologna, with missing sections supplied in Northern France, probably Paris (Georges).


Colbert; library of the kings of France in 1732.

Parchment, 109 f., a single neat hand (except missing sections supplied by another hand), beautiful MS with decorated initials.

Ptolemaica (single text). Blank: 1r-1v, 98v.


Catalogus codicum manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Regiae, IV: Cod. Latini 7226-8822, Paris, 1744, 331; P. Kunitzsch, Der Sternkatalog des Almagest. Die arabisch-mittelalterliche Tradition, II, Wiesbaden, 1990, 18; S. Georges, Glosses as Source for the History of Science. The Case of Gerard of Cremona’s Translation of Ptolemy’s Almagest (forthcoming).


‘Almagestum Claudii Ptolemaei [title added in upper margin by later hand]. Quidam princeps nomine Albuguafe in libro suo quem scientiarum electionem et verborum nominavit… (2rb) Bonum domine hec dicit lectori fuit quod sapientibus non deviantibus visum est — (98rb) per ipsam prolongationem et abbreviationem, tunc iam sequitur et ostensum est ut ponamus hoc fine libri. Expleta est dictio tercia decima libri Ptolomei et cum ea completur liber Almagesti de disciplinalibus. (99ra) Sit itaque hec summa que precessit quam scivimus ex illis rebus. Iam vero remansit apud nos ut declaremus quod hee due linee… (99va) Capitulum secundum in declaratione antecessionis Saturni. Et quia illud est ita tunc modo narrabimus — (101vb) et est 33 partes et 3 minuta et 53 secunda. (102r) [table] Tabula stellarum fixarum. Forme stellarum australium. Stellacio Lupi… Stellacio Lari… Stellacio Corone meridionalis… (102v) [tables] ‘Capitulum quartum none dictionis in positione differenciarum [et] tabularum motuum mediorum qui sunt quinque stellarum erraticarum in longitudine et diversitate…’

= Ptolemy, Almagesti (tr. Gerard of Cremona) (A.1.2), Class B. Preface, 2ra-2rb; I, 2rb-11rb; II, 11rb-23rb; III, 23rb-28vb; IV, 28vb-38ra; V, 38ra-46vb; VI, 46va-55va; VII, 55va-63ra; VIII, 63ra-69rb (missing the end of VIII.1); IX, 69rb-74rb (missing the end of IX.3 to the beginning of IX.5); X, 74rb-79rb; XI, 79rb-87vb; XII, 87vb-91va (missing XII.1-5); XIII, 91va-98rb. The explicit is followed (99ra-109v) by the three sections omitted in the text, due at least partly to missing folia in the exemplar. These sections have been added by a later 13th-c. hand on the basis of a model from Class A (at least for the omission in the star catalogue, see Kunitzsch). The first section (99ra-101vb) contains c. XII.1-5 (c. 1 starting with the second paragraph, c. 5 incomplete), cf. 88rb, where a note added in the margin reads ‘Hic deficiunt tria folia…’ and refers the reader to the present location. The second section (102r) contains c. VIII.1 from the star catalogue (without numerical data for longitude, latitude and magnitude), cf. 66v, where a note added in the margin refers the reader to the present location. The loss of this section may be due to a missing folio after f. 66. The third section (102v-109v) contains c. IX.4 (the tables are complete for Saturn only, missing the numerical data for Jupiter, Mars, Venus and Mercury), cf. 70va, where a note added in the margin reads ‘Hic deficit quartum capitulum in positione differentiarum…’ and refers the reader to the present location. The section missing on f. 70va is not due to a material lacuna in the present copy, for it occurs in the middle of a column. The scribe who added these sections also supplied another missing section in c. XI.1-10 directly on f. 81rb-86rb. Substantial glosses by the scribe and by a later hand. On these glosses, see also H. Zepeda, The First Latin Treatise on Ptolemy’s Astronomy: The Almagesti minor (c. 1200), Turnhout, 2018, 83.