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Ptolemaeus Arabus et Latinus

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Oxford, Bodleian Library, Bodley 463

s. XIIIex (Thomson; d’Averny dates f. 1-138 to the first half of the 14th c. and f. 139-177 to the second half of the 13th-c.; Pächt/Alexander date the whole MS to the second half of the 14th c.).

Or.:

Italy (Thomson: ‘two or more similar scribes, in Italian gothic rotunda bookhand’ and ‘Made and originally kept in north-western Italy’; southern hands acc. d’Alverny; Spanish acc. Maddan/Craster and Pächt/Alexander).

Prov.:

a 14th-c. note f. 178v reads (cf. Thomson): ‘Iste liber est domini Iohannis presbiteri Cathalani qui moratur cum domino Brancho de Spinea quem habet impignoratum frater Odoardus pro IV s. … Ian. (?). Ubertus u… (?) istum librum a predicto presbitero Iohanne Cathalano … (?) precio duorum florenorum eo pacto quod possit eum exigere … (?) vult. Et ideo vult frater Ubertus quod quandocumque dededit vel miserit duos florenos auri quod liber iste reddatur sibi. In cuius rei signum scripturam hanc voluit conscribere sua manu’; Edmund Lacy, bishop of Exeter (1420-1455), bequeathed the MS to the Exeter cathedral (cf. f. 1r: ‘Hunc librum disposuerunt et dederunt executores testamenti recolende bone memorie domini Edmundi Lacy nuper dum vixit Exoniensis episcopi de bonis eiusdem Edmundi ecclesie cath. Exoniensi cathenandum ibidem in libraria remanserunt ibidem in eadem quamdiu duraverit. Orate pro eo’); presented to the Bodleian Library by the Dean and Chapter of Exeter in 1602.

Parchment, III+179 f., MS made of two parts bound together in the 14th c.: I, f. 1-138 (two or several similar neat hands, decorated initials); II, f. 139-177 (a single hand). One folio is missing between current f. 77 and 78.

Astrology, astronomy and natural philosophy: table of contents of the whole MS, 14th c. (IIIv); Alcabitius, Introductorius (1ra-18vb); table: elections from the aspects of the Moon with the other planets (19ra); ‘Cum fuerit Luna in Capite vel in Cauda Draconis in uno signo, est dies cavenda in omnibus operibus…’ (19rb); ‘Et mos est phylosophorum in nativitate atque universali interrogatione…’ (19rb-20ra); Jafar, Liber imbrium (20ra-24ra); Hermann of Carinthia, Liber imbrium, first lines (24ra); Ptolemaica (24ra-26va); ‘Notandum quod magister huius artis que est de XXVIII mansionibus Lune…’ (26vb); ‘Incipit liber de 28 mansionibus Lune. Noscas quod scientia huius providentie existit in 28 numero…’ (27ra-27rb); Sortes regis Amalrici (27v-36rb); ‘Incipit tabula ostendens in quo signo sit Luna omni die… Qui cursum Lune recte scire voluerit sciat primitus quod Sol per signa vadit…’ (36va-38v); Alfraganus, De scientia astrorum, tr. Gerard of Cremona (39ra-58va); Ptolemaica (59ra-74vb); Thebit Bencora, De imaginibus (75ra-77va); Ptolemaica (77va); Hermes, De imaginibus et horis, end gone (77va-77vb); Hermes/Toz Graecus, De lapidibus Veneris, beginning gone (78ra-78vb); Problemata Aristotelis (78vb-138ra); Avicenna, De anima (139ra-176ra); Pseudo-Avicenna, Liber celi et mundi (176rb-177rb); astronomical/astrological notes added by a 14th-c. Italian hand (179r); table of contents of the whole MS, 14th c. (179r). Blank: I-IIIr, 138v, 177v-178r, 179v.

Lit.

F. Madan, H. H. E. Craster, A Summary Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library at Oxford, II.1, Oxford, 1922, 374-375 (no. 2456); O. Pächt, J. J. G. Alexander, Illuminated Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, I: German, Dutch, Flemish, French and Spanish Schools, Oxford, 1966, 68 (no. 883); M.-T. d’Alverny, Avicenna Latinus. Codices (with Addenda by S. Van Riet and P. Jodogne), Louvain-la-Neuve-Leiden, 1994, 136-139; R. Lemay, Le Kitāb at-Tamara (Liber fructus, Centiloquium) d’Abū Ja’far Aḥmad ibn Yūsuf [Ps.-Ptolémée], New York, 1999 [unpublished], I, 255-256; Catalogue of Medieval Manuscripts of Latin Commentaries on Aristotle in British Libraries, I: R. M. Thomson, Oxford, Turnhout, 2011, 44-45; G. Bohak, C. Burnett, Thābit ibn Qurra On Talismans and Ps.-Ptolemy On Images 1-9, Together with the Liber prestigiorum Thebidis of Adelard of Bath, Firenze, 2021, 84-85.

24ra‑26va

‘Incipit liber Thebit filius Cheere de spera et de circulis. Equator diei <est> circulus maior qui describitur super duos polos orbis — aut propinqui oppositioni Solis erunt retrogradi. Explicit liber Thebit Corehe.’

= Thebit Bencora, De hiis que indigent expositione antequam legatur Almagesti (C.1.1). No glosses.

59ra‑74vb

‘Incipit Liber centiloquii Ptholomei. Dixit Ptholomeus: Iam scripsi tibi, Iesure, librum de hoc quod operantur stelle in hoc seculo… verbum primum. Scientia stellarum ex te et illis est… Mundanorum mutatio ad hoc et ad illud corporum celestium… Expositio verbi primi Ptholomei. Expositio. Quod dixit Ptholomeus, ex te et ex illis, significat quod qui res futuras prenoscere desiderat quod ego malui exponere in hoc libro et credo quod ydoneum est suis rationibus et perfecta est eius expositio. Explicit Centiloquium Ptholomei expositum ab Eli.’

= Pseudo-Ptolemy, Centiloquium (tr. Plato of Tivoli) (B.1.2), except for the end of the text (at least from the comm. on v. 97), given in the ‘Iam premisi’ version (B.1.5). Occasional short marginal notes by the scribe and by a later hand.

77va

‘Instructio Ptholomei. Dixit Ptholomeus: Edidi hunc librum de ymaginibus super facies signorum — et impetrabis ex eo quod animus tuus desiderat.’

= Pseudo-Ptolemy, De imaginibus super facies signorum (B.14), closing paragraph only. No glosses.