PAL

Ptolemaeus Arabus et Latinus

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Milan, Biblioteca Ambrosiana, A 29

[Black-and-white microfilm scans of the textblock; inspected in April 2019.]
Collection: Arabic. Date:

mid Shaʿbān–second decade of Ramaḍān 916/end of November–third decade of December 1510 (colophons); last work defective but apparently copied by the same hand.

Or.:

unknown, possibly Arabic peninsula; copied by Yūsuf ⟨b.⟩ Yaḥyā ⟨b.⟩ Ṣāliḥ al-Qurashī (24r).

Prov.:

a seal reading yā khāfī l-alṭāf / ʿabduhū Muṣṭafā / najjinā mim-mā nakhāfu (13r). Computations for a conjunction in 950/1543 and for the great conjunctions of 950/1544, 971/1564 and 992/1583-4, and an ownership statement by Muḥammad b. ʿAlī Ṣāliḥ al-Baṣrī dated .. Ṣafar 1117/May-June 1705 (11r). ‘196’ in Hindu-Arabic numerals (p. I). The manuscript belongs to the ‘nuovo fondo’ acquired by Eugenio Griffini and others from Giuseppe Caprotti, an Italian merchant active in Yemen between 1880 and 1909, and later donated to the Biblioteca Ambrosiana (Griffini, p. vii).

Cod.: white paper turned to yellowish-brownish (ff. 1–26), grey paper (pp. I and Ia, pasted on the covers); p. I + 26 ff. + p. Ia (foliated with Arabic-European numerals on both the top left and the low middle of recto; catchwords). A single small and neat black naskh hand; mostly undotted ductus with occasional vowels and v-shaped superscript. Titles and chapter headings in bold; some expressions (kalima with ordinal number, qāla Baṭlamyūs, qāla al-mufassir) in bold or red; abjad or Hindu-Arabic numerals mostly in red. Diagrams drawn without ruler, in black and red; many reserved spaces for diagrams. Very few marginalia by the same hand; computations, notes and diagrams in several different naskh hands (ff. 11r, 12r). Dimensions: 310×215 mm, written area 253×166 mm; 41 lines per page. Readibility heavily affected by insects, moisture stains and numerous paper slips pasted on the pages in an attempt to restore the manuscript; binding mostly loose, reinforced on ff. 8v–9r. The manuscript was part of a larger collection, since f. 1r preserves a colophon and the last work is defective. Heavily deteriorated dark brown leather covers pasted over paperboards, both decorated with a central pasted yellow square medallion (partially detached, unrecognisable floral motif) and a yellow line running from its upper and lower angles to the upper and lower margins; the same medallion on the flap. Type II binding.

Cont.: astrology and geodesy. — Index: fragments from a fiqh work (p. I, pastedown); colophon of al-Aḥkām al-Jāmāspiyya, i.e., Ṭirāz al-dahr fī asrār al-khalq wa-l-amr fī l-aḥkām al-Jāmāspiyya ʿalā l-qirānāt al-ʿulwiyya wa-mā yadullu ʿalay-hi min al-nabawāt wa-l-milal (1r); Ptolemaica (1v–10v); extracts from Aḥmad b. ʿAlī b. Qays b. Waḥshiyya, Kitāb Ṭilasmāt (10v; cf. Löfgren-Traini); extracts from Taqī al-Dīn b. ʿAbd al-Qādir al-Tamīmī, Manāfiʿ khawāṣṣ ayāt al-Qurʾān (10v; cf. Löfgren-Traini); astrological computations and a related horoscope (11r; see above); Shams al-Dīn Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm al-Ashʿarī al-Tihāmī, Kitāb al-Tuffāḥa fī ʿilm al-misāḥa (12r–24r); Muʾayyid al-Dīn al-ʿUrḍī, Risāla fī Istikhrāj mā bayn markazay al-shams wa-mawḍiʿ awji-hā (24v–26v, defective); fragments from a fiqh work (p. Ia, pastedown, upside down). Blank: 11v.

Bibl.: Eugenio Griffini, Catalogo dei manoscritti arabi di nuovo fondo della Biblioteca Ambrosiana di Milano, Vol. I: Codici 1-475, Roma, 1910–1919, pp. 268–270; Oscar Löfgren and Renato Traini, Catalogue of the Arabic Manuscripts in the Biblioteca Ambrosiana, 4 vols, Vicenza: Neri Pozza Editore, 1975–2011, vol. II, p. 17; Franco Martorello and Giuseppe Bezza, Aḥmad ibn Yūsuf ibn al-Dāya. Commento al Centiloquio Tolemaico, Milano / Udine: Mimesis, 2013, pp. 33–34 and 40–41.

1v–⁠10v

\1v\ ⟨…⟩ قال بطلميوس الحكيم قد قدّمنا لك يا سوري كتابًا في ما يؤثّره الكواكب في عالم التركيب كثيرة [[المع]] المنفعة في تقدمة المعرفة بعلمها ∴ وهذا الكتاب ثمرة ما اشتملت عليه تلك الكتب وقد حصّلناه مائة كلمة موجزة على الخصّ والتجريد منها وعرف وليس يميل إلى معرفة من لم ينعم النظر في جميع ما قدّمنا قبله من العلوم في علوم آخر من علوم الرياضة فكان سعيدًا — \10v\ فهذا ما حضرني أيدك الله من تفسير كلمات بطلميوس وأرجو[[ا]] أن يكون مطا]بقًا لمعانيه مستوفيًا[ لشرحه والصواب لك أن يمنعه ممّا لا يؤثّر منه إلاّ التكثّر بملكه ويرى حصوله ∴ تمّ كتاب الثمرة المسمّى اقطرطسطا ومعناه المائة كلمة اختصرها بطلميوس من كتبه وكتب سائر الحكماء ⟨وقرّبها من فهم⟩ المرتاضين بهذه الصناعة الجليلة والعلم النفيس الدالّ على توحيد الله وجلاله وجبروته وعظمته لا مبدل⟨لكلمات الله⟩ ولا رادّ لحكمه وهو السميع العليم.

= Abū Jaʿfar Aḥmad ibn Yūsuf ibn Ibrāhīm ibn al-Dāya, Tafsīr Kitāb al-Thamara (C.3.1)

, version with 100 verba. — Title: ⟨Kitāb al-Thamara li-Baṭlamiyūs al-malik al-ḥakīm ilā malik al-yūnāniyyaSūrā tafsīr Aḥmad b. Yūsuf al-miṣrī wa-huwa miʾat kalima mulakhkhaṣa (1r). — Additional titles: Kitāb al-Thamara al-musammā ā-q-ṭ-r-ṭ-s-ṭ-ā (10v). — Index: author’s introduction, 1v; verbum 1, 1v; commentator’s introduction, 1v; commentary on verbum 1, 1v-2r; remaining 99 verba intertwined with the commentary, 1v-10v. — Authorial colophon as transcribed above (additions in brackets based on the closely related MS Milan, BA, C 86); dated scribal colophon. Two marginal corrections by the main hand (ṣḥ, 5v, 7v), some more corrections in the body text (10r). No glosses. Partially trimmed marginalia. Some damaged passages restored in the margins by a different hand. Verbum 98 omitted and replaced by the first part of the corresponding commentary (Martorello & Bezza, p. 41). This witness was used for the edition in Martorello & Bezza.