Ptolemaeus Arabus et Latinus

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Florence, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Or. 94

[Black-and-white microfilm scans of the textblock; colour scanned images of ff. 1r–2r and 183v–184r.]
Singe work: Arabic. Date:

undated; a dating to the 14th century is reported in Jacquart.


most likely al-Andalus or the Maghreb; unknown scribes, one of whom (56v, 57v) also copied MS Escorial, RBMSL, ár. 1829, ff. 118v–129v.


the same calligraphic signature (184r) as in MS Escorial, RBMSL, ár. 1829, f. 129v. Four statements in Sephardic script (184v). Although lacking the distinctive statement ‘Da Monsig⟨nor⟩ Pat⟨riar⟩ca’, the present manuscript probably belonged to the Patriarch of Antioch Ignatius Niʿmat Allāh (d. 1587), who is mentioned on a paper slip inserted between ff. 65 and 66. The manuscript would then correspond to an Arabic commentary on the Thamara in a catalogue of his books (‘sopra Ptolemeo elThanira, Tructus’, read: ‘elThamra, Fructus’, Philipp Labbé, Nova Bibliotheca manuscriptorum librorum sive specimen antiquarum lectionum Latinarum et Graecarum, Parisii: apud Iohannes Henault, 1653, p. 258). Niʿmat Allāh had his manuscripts brought from Amid (Diyarbakır, Turkey) to Rome in 1577, where they were acquired for the library of the Tipografia Medicea in Rome (cf. the ownership statements by the Tipografia’s director, Giovanni Battista Raimondi, on ff. 1r and 184r of the present manuscript). They were eventuallly moved to Florence after the Tipografia’s closure and Raimondi’s death in 1614 (for the history of the Tipografia, see Eckhard Leuschner and Gerhard Wolf (eds), The Medici Oriental Press: Knowledge and Cultural Transfer around 1600, Firenze: Leo Olschki, 2022, and Sara Fani and Margherita Farina (eds), Le vie delle lettere. La Tipografia Medicea tra Roma e l’Oriente, Florence: Mandragora, 2012). Two different stamps of the Biblioteca Medicea Palatina (1r, 33r, 184v). Old shelfmark ‘290’ (1r); no. 292 in Assemanus’s catalogue, with an incorrect identification with Taḥrīr al-Majisṭī (C.1.18) (cf. Nallino).

Cod.: brownish oriental paper, I+184 ff. (foliated with Arabic-European numerals in the upper left corner of rectos, f. 82 mistakenly numbered ‘22’; older foliation in Hebrew abjad at the centre top of rectos, with ‘125’ repeated, predating almost all page losses; running chapter numbering in Hebrew abjad at the centre top of rectos; catchwords at quire ends). Three or four black maghribī hands: 1r–56r and 140r–184r possibly by the same hand; 56v, 57v: quicker; 57r, 58r–139v: smaller and somewhat angular; fully dotted ductus with occasional vowels. Textual dividers in red, bold black chapter titles, oversized formulaic expressions at the beginning of verba and commentary. Neat horoscopes (14v, 22v, 144v, 148v, 162r, 163v, 167r, 170v, 171v) and a neat table (126r) with abjad numerals. Dimensions: not provided; 28 lines per page. Codex in mediocre condition; several folios lost (as indicated by the Hebrew foliation and the quire structure: six folios before f. 1, two folios before f. 25, two folios before f. 34, at least nine folios around ff. 58–59, 1 folio before f. 155); ff. 1 and 184 partly destroyed and pasted, damage by insects, moisture stains, smudges occasionally affecting the readability; binding reinforced with paper slips.

Cont.: astrology. — Index: Ptolemaica (1r–184r); a paper slip with notes in Italian, Arabic and Syriac (between ff. 65 and 66). Blank: Iv.

Bibl.: Josephus Simonius Assemanus, Bibliothecae Medicae Laurentianae et Palatinae codicum mss. orientalum catalogus, Florence: Albiziano, 1742, p. 395 (no. CCXCII); Carlo Alfonso Nallino, al-Battānī sive Albatenii opus astronomicum. Ad fidem codicis Escurialensis arabice editum. Latine versum, adnotationibus instructum, 3 vols, Milano: Ulrico Hoepli, 1899–1907, vol. II, pp. xii–xiii; Danielle Jacquart, ‘«D’Alexandrie à Bagdad»? Les sources grecques des sciences arabes’, in Charles Méla and Frédéric Möri (eds), Alexandrie la divine, Genève: Éditions de la Baconnière, 2014, vol. II, pp. 876–881, here p. 881 (including a black-and-white photograph of f. 148v).


\1r\ || {…}ية {…} وهيلاج أو انتهاء قد دلّ لشخص {…}ية من كيفيّة حارّة أو باردة فإنّا نتقدّم فنستعدّ لوقوع {…}ر ننقل مزاجه إلى ضدّ الكيفيّة التي يخاف حدوثها بمقدار ما — \184r\ بحسب النشاط ومزجها العمل بالعم{…}يه امتثالًا لأمر ا{…} بجمعه أدام الله علاءه والحمد لله في الأوّل والآخر وله الحك{…} على كلّ شيء قدير.

= ⟨Tafsīr Kitāb al-Thamara⟩ (C.3.3)

. — Title: none. — Index: 100 verba, each followed by a commentary, sorted thematically into eight chapters (maqālas) as in Ibn al-Kammād’s version of the Thamara: Chapter I and beginning of Chapter II lost; Chapter II, 1r–24r; III, 24r–46r; IV, 46r–56r; V, 56v–62r; VI, 62r–150r; VII, 150r–173r; VIII, 173r–184r. — Commentator’s colophon; short scribal colophon. Marginal corrections by the scribe. Verba provided both with their numbering according to the 100-verba version and with a new numbering starting from 1 for every new chapter. Glosses by several hands in Arabic, Hebrew and Latin script; sketchy horoscopes (105r) and maniculae (13v, 21v, 35v, 48r, 48v, 136r, 137r, 138v, 143r) in the margins.