Ptolemaeus Arabus et Latinus

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Patna, Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Public Library, Arabic 2066

[Black-and-white photographs of the textblock; colour scanned images of the front cover and ff. 1r–2r.]
Single work: Arabic. Date:

undated; before 1159/1746 (cf. notes on the title page).


unknown; several unknown scribes.


a Persian note on a birth on Sunday night, 18 Rabīʿ al-thānī 1159/Tuesday (!), 10 May 1746 (1r). An ownership statement by al-Sayyid Muḥammad Saʿīd b. Muṣṭafā, known as al-Mudarris-zāda al-Anqarahwī, dated 1180/1766 (1r); the statement underneath mentions that the book was lent to al-Sayyid ʿAbd al-Karīm b. Shaykhī Muṣṭafā b. Aḥmad al-Anqarahwī by his master al-Mudarris-zāda in 1184/1770-1 (1r). A Persian statement of ownership by Muḥammad Ḥusayn, dated to a Monday in Dhū l-ḥijja (?) 1278/June 1862 in Constantinople (here ‘Qusṭanṭīnubūl’), together with his oval seal (three times, 1r). A note stating that the book was purchased from the bequest of a certain Asʿad Efendī; a note of lending with oval seal by al-ʿAbd Fakhr al-Dīn Muḥammad (1r); an oval seal ‘Muḥammad Shafīʿ’ (1r). Catalogue number ‘2475’, and boxed ‘P. No. 2241’ (inside front cover).

Cod.: paper, 190 ff. (foliation with Hindu-Arabic numerals in the upper left corner of rectos, from f. 83 onwards often trimmed or not visible on the photographs; catchwords). At least three different hands. First part (1v–64v): a clear naskh; mostly dotted ductus, occasional tanwīns, no vowel marks, no final hamzas or shaddas. Second part (65r–75v): a clear, slightly smaller and denser naskh, mostly dotted; no vowel marks, hamzas or shaddas, but occasional maddas. Third part (76r–190v): either one irregular or several different nastaʿlīq hands sometimes writing in dense script with oversized bowls (e.g., 84r–89r) and elongated descenders (e.g., 125r–132v), at other times very clear and with tendency to naskh (e.g., 133r–134); mostly dotted ductus, no vowel marks, final hamzas or shaddas, some maddas. Chapter titles as well as paragraph beginnings emphasized in thuluth (Part I) or rubricated (Part II), but frequently not visible on the photographs or with spaces reserved (especially in Part III). Abjad notation in the main text mostly undotted and without overlines. No tables, all three horoscopes usually found in this commentary (167r, 168v, 169v). Dimensions: 9×6,5 in, written area: 6,5×4,5 in; part I, 15 lines, part II, 21 lines, part III, 24–29 lines per page. Manuscript apparently in good condition; minor moisture stains not affecting the readability. Modern partial leather covers in red and grey. Type III binding.

Cont.: astrology. — Index: Ptolemaica (1v–190r); astrological notes in the hand of the scribe of part III (190v).

Bibl.: Abdul Hamid, Fihrist-i dastī-i kutub-i qalamī-i lābrirī mawqūfa Khān Bahādur Khudābakhsh Khan-i marḥūm, musammā bah Miftāḥ al-kunūz al-khafiyya, vol. I, Patna: Oriental Public Library, 1918, p. 238 (no. 2066); Abdul Hamid, Catalogue of the Arabic and Persian Manuscripts in the Oriental Public Library at Bankipore, Vol. XXII, Arabic MSS. Science, Patna: Government Printing Bihar, 1937, pp. 109–110 (no. 2475).


\1v\ قال أبو ... بن علي بن جعفر المتطبّب … قصدنا أن نشرح أقاويل الحكيم بطلميوس في صناعة القضاء بالنجوم على الحوادث فنقول إنّ القضاء بالنجوم على الحوادث صناعة تنبئ عن مبادئ صادق… بالمتکوّنات المزمعة وذلك أنّ مبادئها الصادقة هي أشياء تبیّن بعضها في العلم ا...عيّ وبعضها في علم التعلیميّ . — \190r\ فهذه أشياء قد شرّحتها لك فأنعم النظر فيها وتأمّلها والله یهدي من يشاء إلى صراط مستقيم.

= ʿAlī ibn Riḍwān, Tafsīr al-Maqālāt al-arbaʿ (C.2.3)

. — Title: Sharḥ Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAlī b. Riḍwān al-munajjim … ʿalā Kitāb Baṭlamyūs fī aḥkām al-nujūmī (1r). — Index: I.1 (=I), 1v–35r; I.2 (=II), 35r–68r; I.3 (=III), 68r–83r; II.1 (=IV), 83r–111v; II.2 (=V), 111v–118v; II.3 (=VI); 118v–122r; III.1 (=VII), 122r–130v; III.2 (=VIII), 130v–143v; III.3 (=IX), 143v–158v; IV.1 (=X), 158v–170v; IV.2 (=XI), 170v–183r; IV.3 (=XII), 183r–190r. — No authorial or scribal colophon. Very few marginal annotations on slips of paper glued into the margins or folded in (e.g., 175r, 179v, 182v). Occasional corrections and additions in the scribe’s hand by siglum ṣḥ.