Ptolemaeus Arabus et Latinus

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Rampur, Raza Library, Arabic 4189

[Trimmed colour scanned images of the textblock, covers and spine.]
Single work: Arabic. Date:

completed at the ‘fifth hour’ on Sunday, 17 Shawwāl 1123/28 November 1711 (279r).


unknown; several unknown scribes.


a Shiite seal ‘yā Ḥusayn’ dated 1189/1775-6 (1r). A seal of Masīḥ al-Dawla dated 1206/1791-2 (1v, 279r; ʿArshī). A seal of ʿAbd-hu (?) Aqā ʿAlī dated 1222/1807 (1r, trimmed). An ownership statement together with a seal of Muẓaffar Ḥusayn Khān Lakhnawī (1r). The year ⟨1⟩104/1692-3 (predating the colophon) and an erased seal (1r). Old shelfmark: ‘ST 13624’ in pencil (1r).

Cod.: paper, 279 ff. (foliated with Hindu-Arabic numerals (Persian forms) in pencil between the first and second line of almost every recto (sometimes between lower lines), with some minor mistakes (e.g., 254 twice, 258 skipped) and ff. 3—6 in the order 4-3-6-5; earlier parallel foliation with Hindu-Arabic numerals (Persian forms) in pencil at the top left of rectos, often cut off from the scans or invisible due to restorations; catchwords.) Apparently four main hands. First hand (1v = incipit page, 65r–82v, 149r–220v): a clear and fast nastaʿlīq in black, at times sloppy (especially ff. 200–220); regularly dotted ductus, hardly any vowels, no final hamzas, no shaddas, frequent lām-alif mukhaffafa; titles and paragraph beginnings rubricated. Second hand (2r–65r): an angular black naskh written with a thick nibbed pen, very regular proportions; dotted ductus with hamzas but no shaddas, occasional lām-alif mukhaffafa; rubrication by hands I and III. Third hand (82v–148v and 244v–279r): a black naskh script, inconsistent style (at times neat, otherwise large letters with round elements and strongly elongated final nūn); mostly dotted ductus, hardly any vowels, no indication of final hamzas and shaddas, frequent use of lām-alif muḥaqqaqa; titles, paragraph beginnings and abjad notation rubricated (probably by the same scribe). Fourth hand (220v–244v): elegant nastaʿlīq with round features and peculiar punctuation; fully dotted ductus, hardly any vowels, regular indication of final hamzas, no shaddas; rubrication apparently by hand I. The scribes appear to have taken turns, which might indicate that this codex was copied in a workshop. No tables; spaces for horoscopes reserved on ff. 235v, 238r and 239v. Dimensions: 24.2×17.5 cm; mostly 21 lines per page. All margins considerably restored; slight damage by insects, some dirt and ink stains. Rebound in modern partial leather binding (red and purple), title and author provided on the spine. Type III binding.

Cont.: astrology. — Index: Ptolemaica (1v–279r). Blank: presumably 149r (missing from the scans).

Bibl.: Imtiyāz ʿAlī ʿArshī, Catalogue of the Arabic Manuscripts in Raza Library, Rampur, Vol. V: Mathematics, Medicine, Natural Science, Agriculture, Occult Sciences, Ethics & Politics, Education & Military Science, Rampur: Raza Library, 1975, pp. 476/7.


\1v\ ⟨…⟩ قال أبو الحسن وعلي (كذا) بن رضوان بن جعفر المتطبّب: قصد أن نشرح أقاويل الحكيم بطلميوس في صناعة القضاء [...] بالنجوم على الحوادث. فنقول: إنّ القضايا النجوم على الحوادث صناعة تنبئ عن مبادئ صادقة بالمتكوّنات المزمعة وذلك أن مبادئها الصادقة هي أشياء تنبئ بعضها في العلم الطبيعيّ وبعضها في العلم التع⟨ا⟩لميّ — \279r\ فهذه أشياء قد شرحتها لك فانعم النظر فيها وتأمّلها والله يهدي من يشاء إلى صراط مستقيم.

= ʿAlī ibn Riḍwān, Tafsīr al-Maqālāt al-arbaʿ (C.2.3)

. — Title: Sharḥ Maqālāt arbaʿ fī l-qaḍāyā bi-l-nujūm Baṭlamyūs (1r); — Additional title: Sharḥ Arbaʿ maqālāt (1r). — Index: Book I.1 (=I), 1v–28v; I.2 (=II), 28v–58r; I.3 (=III), 58r–76r; II.1 (=IV), 77v–102v; II.2 (=V), 102v–130r; II.3 (=VI), 130r–148v; III.1 (=VII), 149r–171v; III.2 (=VIII), 171v–194v; III.3 (=IX), 194v–220v (221r sic); IV.1 (=X), 221r–241r; IV.2 (=XI), 241r–266r; IV.3 (=XII), 266r–276r. — No heading for the first book; incipit pages provided for each book. Book IV with authorial colophon and dated scribal colophon. Minor marginal corrections by the scribes. Further annotations probably lost due to the severe restoration of the margins.